According to a 1994 scientific study prepared for the Fire and Aviation Management division of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, contaminants of forest fire smoke can include carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, benzo[a]pyrene, nitrogen oxides, volatile oxygenated organic compounds, acids, ketones, alcohols, and aldehydes, among other chemicals.
Wildfires depend on different types of wood and vegetation for their fuel. The fuel of wood and brush are composed of varying amounts of cellulose, lignin, tannins and other polyphenols, oils, fats, resins, waxes, and starches that produce different chemical compounds. Surprising to some people, even brush, trees and the burnt ground can release toxic smoke in air.
A hotter wildfire will convert more fuel into elemental carbon, which forms into tiny particles that absorb light and appear in the sky as black smoke. A cooler wildfire combustion—or one that doesn’t work as efficiently—yields less-pure forms of carbonized particles. Cooler combustion conditions tend to reflect light easier, thus, making the smoke to look white.
The wildfires in Fort McMurray last summer and an inspection of the subsequent remediation process demonstrated that many of the technicians required a seminar on how to clean affected buildings and content.
- PART I – Particles and Chemicals in Smoke and Soot
- PART II – Environmental and Human Health Concerns
- PART III – Procedures for Removing Wildfire Soot Particles from Contents
- PART IV – Procedures for Removing Wildfire Soot Particles in Buildings
Continuing Education Credits – ID #45589
|1)||Alberta Insurance Council||2.00 hours
General & Adjuster Certificate
|2)||General Insurance Council of Manitoba||2.00 hours|
|3)||General Insurance Council of Saskatchewan||2.00 hours